Phase 5 is taught in Year 1. During this phase, children are introduced to alternative graphemes for each phoneme. This means that they learn different letter combinations to represent the sounds that they already know. For example, ai, ay and a_e all make the same sound. Phase 5 is a very complex phase and involves children becoming more holistically aware of the English language and patterns within words.
Each phase includes the teaching of Common Exception Words. These are words that we are unable to use our Phonics knowledge to sound out and instead we just have to learn to read them by sight. You will find a link to the Phase 5 Common Exception Words below.